Prostatitis Symptoms & Treatments

What is Prostatitis? Prostatitis is the swelling and/or inflammation of the prostate gland, which is situated directly below the bladder in men. The prostate gland is responsible for producing semen which transports sperm. Prostatitis usually results in painful urination, or difficulties urinating. Prostatitis may also manifest flu-like symptoms, as well as pain in the genitals. Prostatitis can effect men of all ages, but most often effects men younger than fifty. Prostatitis can be caused by a number of different things, such as a bacterial infection. Some cases of Prostatitis manifest suddenly with little to no warning, while others might have a more gradual onset. There are even cases of recurring prostatitis (or prostatitis that last for months) known as chronic prostatitis.


What symptoms should you be on the look out for when worried about prostatitis? The most common include Difficulty urinating, pain or burning during urination, blood in the urine, cloudy urine, pain in the genitals, abdomen, lower back, scrotum, or perineum, and painful ejaculation. Any of these symptoms, alone or together, may indicate prostatitis. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms the safest course of action is to see your doctor immediately.


Acute bacterial prostatitis is caused by bacteria from your urine leak into the prostate gland. This is treated with antibiotics, however if the antibiotics are not fully successful, prostatitis can recur and become more difficult to treat in the future. Unfortunately, in most cases of prostatitis, the cause is never identified.


To find out if you have prostatitis your doctor will need to run a series of tests to rule out other potential causes of any symptoms you may be experiencing. These tests often include a physical exam, rectal exam, urine tests, blood tests, or imaging tests. Most often these test will reveal (if you do have prostatitis) that you have the most common form of prostatitis, Chronic Prostatitis. It is not caused by bacteria, and an exact cause cannot always be identified. Usually symptoms with stay the same over time, but some men do experience periods of worsening or lessening symptoms.


Antibiotics are the only treatment that can address the cause of bacterial prostatitis. For chronic prostatitis, your doctor might recommend Alpha blockers or some form of anti-inflammatory agents. Both treatments are aimed at easing your symptoms and making you more comfortable while the symptoms pass. Unfortunately there is not much more you can do aside from waiting for the symptoms to go away on there own.