Menopause: Symptoms & Treatments

Menopause: Symptoms & Treatments
Overview
Women are diagnosed with menopause when menstruation doesn’t occur for 12 consecutive months, and when they are unable to conceive naturally. This is due to a reduction in estrogen and progesterone production in the ovaries. Many women often become menopausal between the ages of 45 and 55. Though the average age women experience menopause is 51, the age women become menopausal varies from one woman to another with some experiencing it earlier than others.

Signs and Symptoms
Menopausal women experience uncomfortable symptoms, and some of the common menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, urinary urgency, insomnia, emotional changes, and dry skin. Symptoms are direct results of lower estrogen levels. Though, women experience different symptoms depending on age and other factors. While most menopausal women experience mild symptoms, the symptoms some women experience can be problematic.

Menopause Treatments
There are no treatments currently available to reverse the process. However, there are many menopause treatments for the symptoms. There are hormone replacement therapy available to increase hormone levels. Also, diet and lifestyle play major roles in minimizing or worsening menopause symptoms. Exercising and having a healthy diet can greatly reduce those symptoms. For example, foods that are high in plant estrogens, such as soybeans and soy milk, may help in reducing the number of times women experience hot flashes. Other foods such as celery, parsley, flaxseed oil, nuts and seeds, and fennel may help with hot flashes as well. Medication such as Gabapentin, Neurontin, Gralise, and low dose antidepressant can also help in reducing and managing hot flashes. These medications are great alternatives for women who do not want to take estrogen. The risk of osteoporosis increases when women are menopausal, and this risk can be reduced with an increase in calcium intake. To minimize symptoms, women should also dress appropriately for the weather, avoid caffeinated drinks, get adequate sleep, avoid smoking, and practice relaxation techniques.

Conclusion
Menopause is a natural process every woman experience at a certain stage in their lives. This stage marks the end of a woman’s fertility years. Many symptoms come with it, and every woman experiences those symptoms differently. To reduce and manage symptoms, Women should adopt healthy lifestyles which include healthy eating and exercise. Women should also consider hormone therapy if the symptoms are too severe and affect daily their daily lives. Women should also consult with their doctors to learn about different treatment options available.